The garden includes the ruins of the ancient settlement Nymph, whose name seems to come from a classical era water lily, a temple dedicated to nymphs, located on an island in the small lake.
My Trip To Explore The Lost Kingdom (8 Pics)
I traveled 300 kilometers to Hampi, India to explore the lost and forgotten kingdom of the Vijayanagara Dynasty at Hampi. Hampi was perhaps the second largest city in the world at the time. It was a flourishing kingdom in the 13th century. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Lotus Mahal compound
Amazing Winters Visiting place in Pakistan’s Northern Areas
Pakistan is one of the few countries in the world having four distinct seasons. Winter, summer, spring, and fall are all beautiful seasons to visit in Pakistan. Every season has its own distinct flavor and set of advantages. The northern parts of Pakistan enjoy four beautiful seasons at once, as well as spectacular vistas and locations. These zones are carried out using different astronomical regions of the earth’s sky. Because of their beauty, tourists from all over the world, including Pakistanis, have been lured to these destinations.
Summer and winter vacations are popular in Pakistan’s northern regions, which are also noted for their breathtaking beauty. You’ve come to the right location if you’re thinking of taking a winter holiday to the north. On this page, we’ve come up with a list of the finest tourist sites in the country.
The below places are famous not for their stunning scenery, but also for two of the greatest tourist amenities, like road and communication infrastructure, hotel rooms for short stays, and vacation homes.
Swat is an adventure tourism place
Those who visit Swat regularly might also make the once commitment by buying an apartment. Check out Cedar Valley in Kalam for the studio, one, and 2 bedrooms apartments that may be rented out for extra money.
Shogran in winters
On the road to Naran and Babusar Top, Shogran is off the usual path. The tourist destination is well-connected to the region’s stunning natural features, such as Siri Paye and Makra Peak, and is also suitable for trekking and camping. In the winter, Shogran is covered in snow, then you’ll have to hire a 4X4 to get somewhere; but, in the summer, you may drive your own car.
For just an overnight stay in Shogran, there are many hotels to choose from. If you arrive in Shogran in the middle of the day, it is better to schedule your trip to Siri Paye for the next morning. Another reason for this is that most of the roads are covered with snow, traveling after the evening is far too risky.
Snacks, lunch, or supper are all available in a commercial setting. It’s not difficult to find a hotel room, and rates in different resorts start at PKR 6,000 per night.
Kalash valley and its winter festival
Kalash’s three valleys are Rumbur, Bumburet, and Birir. All year, Kalash Valley residents may participate in a number of events. Chilam Joshi, a summer event, is certainly familiar to you. A four-day festival attracts hundreds of locals and guests.
Every year from December 7 to December 22, they celebrate Chaw Mos, their most important festival. The Kalash winter celebration celebrates the start of the new year or the conclusion of the harvest season. Tourists and locals alike will be able to learn more about the valley’s interesting history. The natural beauty of Kalash Valley will surprise you, in contrast to such fascinating and colorful displays of local culture.
To remain warm during the Kalash Valley’s severely cold winters, take large jackets, sweaters, and other warm clothing. In the Kalash area, private hotels and guest houses are available, with nightly rates ranging from PKR 2,000 to PKR 3,000 depending on the season.
50 Of The Most Breathtaking Forgotten Places, Shared In The ‘Abandoned Beauties’ Facebook Group
There are not too many opportunities to feel like an adventurer in modern times. However, exploring abandoned places and finding unexpected treasures can give you that deep excitement. You may not bring anything physical to show for your endeavors, but the photos you take and the first-hand experiences make for even better souvenirs.
La “Abandoned Beauties” A Facebook page is dedicated to urban exploration (aka Urbex or UE) and shows beautiful images of abandoned places and objects. Both past and present. We have a nice selection of photos of them to share with you today, Pandas, so go ahead and scroll down into the mysterious, unexplored wilderness of Urbex. Vote for your favorite photos and, if you’ve ever researched that yourself, tell us all about it in the comments.
Very strong warning, dear Pandas: your safety is paramount. If you are planning to explore some abandoned places, you need to take the necessary precautions and be extremely careful. I know you are all very capable, but you cannot venture without the proper preparations if you want to stay safe. More on this below.
I held out my hand to photographer Dominic Sberna for some tips on how to keep our camera safe while exploring new areas, how to get the right light for photos in dark settings and understanding how essential camera angles are.
Dominic said Bored panda that camera angles are important when it comes to showing the size of a large building. “A lower angle will enhance the view, just as a high point of view would. The point of view really matters as well. Depending on what you’re aiming for in your shot, you’ll want to have a nice showcase of the scene in front of you when exploring some abandoned property,” he explained. the photographer. You will find the full interview below.
“A wide-angle lens is always a great option for any confined space, but again this depends on the look you’re aiming for and absolutely depends on the scene in front of you. If you’re in a massive industrial warehouse, you could lose some impact. to your image if you have a wide-angle lens, ” photographer Dominic said Bored Panda
“At the end of the day, just like any genre of photography and anything in life, practice is perfect. But don’t beat yourself up if your pictures aren’t ‘perfect.’ You should always try to take them for yourself. If others like them, that’s an added bonus and you’ll stay true to your creative self knowing you’ve done things for yourself, ”the photographer suggested we focus on what makes us happy instead. of trying to please absolutely everyone else.
“The best way to keep your camera safe is to always keep it attached to you. That could mean different things to different people. Generally having your camera strap around your neck is a good thing. But, if you feel more comfortable holding it, so be it. if something unexpected happens, you can move as needed, ”said Dominic.
When it comes to lighting, the built-in flash of your camera may not be enough. He said he would “always recommend” for a tripod and long exposure when shooting in dark environments.
“If you want a shot in the dark or a more illuminated subject, I would recommend using external lightning or using external light at all,” Dominic suggested. “Depending on how you go, it will depend on your favorite light source.”
He noticed that the lightning on a camera has a fairly harsh and direct light. “You will cause a lot of severe shadows and as a general rule, I would recommend staying away from the camera flash unless you definitely have to use it,” the photographer told Bored Panda.
The project “Abandoned Beauties” has enough membership on Facebook. Large 435.8k people follow the page. It’s easy to see why.
The photos are amazing and evoke a sense of mystery, adventure and the discovery of lost secrets. The photos are also covered in a heavy dose of fear, which makes us uncomfortable enough to keep an eye on.
The founder of the “Abandoned Beauties” project realizes that they credit all photographers for their work. If you notice a beautiful photo without credits, it means that the image is either part of the creative commons license or the page could not find the original photographer.
If you have questions about all of this and want to follow the photographers, but apparently can’t find the original source, try asking the page moderator or the community itself. You never know, you might find someone who knows!
One thing to remember is that, overwhelmingly, the authors of the photos do not add details about the exact locations. This is done very deliberately, to protect the places and objects from vandalism.
Keeping the places secret is a very practical approach. While a handful of city explorers visiting an abandoned ship (which is dangerous in itself) may not do much damage (especially if they don’t remove anything like souvenirs), the same can’t be said about dozens, hundreds, or maybe even. thousands of visitors.
They are located on the former Ballysaggartmore Demesne about 2.5 miles from the town of Lismore in County Waterford, Ireland. The structures were built for an Anglo-Irish landlord, Arthur Keily-Ussher no later than 1834.
Imagine if a huge flood of urban explorers ended up going to a single place. Some of them could be veterans who know how to treat the place carefully, however, others could be amateurs who damage the place willingly or accidentally.
More foot traffic means more wear and tear and that means the risk of injury increases. Someone might have weakened the floorboards in an abandoned shack or someone else may have vandalized the railing, causing a nasty fall.
There are few reminders of the power of nature as beautiful and harsh as the scenes at the abandoned village of Houtouwan, on the Shengsi archipelago right next to the Chinese mainland.
This small fishing village was only uninhabited in the early 1990s, but since then almost every building has been surrounded by some of the densest greenery you’ll ever see.
Part of being an urban explorer means keeping a lot of information secret, just sharing it with a small handful of reliable ones. community members. Posting photos is fine; shouting about where you took them is not.
The quarry closed in 1969 due to an industry downturn and after 170 years of work the site re-emerged in rubble peaks sliding into the main pit operation.
Preparation is everything when it comes to Urbex. That means getting yourself a good pair of gloves, a pair of thick shoes, and wearing a quality dust mask. When you go out, you should wear heavy clothes and maybe even some kind of helmet protect your body of any rubbish or in the case of a fall.
Before you go out do some research about the area and the specific location. Contact any local Urbex communities or any friends you know to explore after school or work. Whenever possible, consider starting your adventure with a partner or two by your side. That way, if one of you gets hurt, the other can help! And that means you’re all safely back home, ready to share your amazing photos with everyone on the internet.
Originally, the airport on that site was built in the early 20th century for the Japanese Imperial Army and was named Keton. It consisted of a 1200 m long concrete runway, gravel taxiways and about 20 equipped aircraft parking lots.
After the Soviet Union regained control of Sakhalin in 1945, Smirnykh Airport (both the village and airport were renamed in 1946 after the battalion commander who died in the battles for the liberation of the island in that area) became home to the 528th. Fighter Aviation Regiment, which performed the tasks of air defense of Sakhalin Island and its maritime zone.
In 1966, the airport was rebuilt. A new runway with a length of 2,000 m was built, which was later extended to 2,500 m, as well as reinforced concrete shelters for aircraft with a vent to taxiways.
In 1994 the combat aircraft regiment was disbanded. The aircraft was moved to Komsomolsk-on-Amur, where a stock base was equipped, but later all of them were removed. But two MiG-23s, one fighter jet and one fighter trainer, were left in hangars at the Smirnykh, where they remain to this day …
People In This Online Group Share The 30 Most Unpleasant-Looking Cities In America They’ve Ever Visited
From state armholes to middle fingers of the country – some cities in the United States are known for being the least attractive urban settlements. Of course, beauty is in the eye of the beholder, so not everyone finds NYC or New Orleans pleasurable, and perhaps some negative experiences would influence one’s preferences. But there are certainly a few cities that have no chance of not being called ugly and we hope you don’t live there.
Vega. Although I wouldn’t call it much of a city; it looked more like a set of buildings, neon, and wasted lives all sewn together in the middle of a bumf *** nowhere.
Gary, Indiana. The whole town was gray. No color. I thought I turned color blind until I got to Chicago.
After visiting Aberdeen, Washington, I felt I understood Kurt Cobain better. The natural surroundings are amazingly beautiful, but in the middle of it is this gray, dark, depressing city built on a swamp that feels like it’s sucking the life out of you. If a city could have feelings, this one would be completely hopelessly depressed.
LA. a depressing concrete hole and I’m glad I visited more beautiful cities in the United States. everyone was so angry/sad there.
Birmingham, Alabama. Half of the city is just banal brown brick buildings from the 80s, and the other half are basically abandoned ruins of banal brown brick buildings from the 80s.
Johnstown, Pennsylvania … You can almost feel the city dying slowly, worryingly dying …
Albuquerque, NM. Let me paint a picture. In a rental car after 14 hours of driving I drive about halfway into the city. And badly need gasoline. I drive to a pretty empty gas station. Only Some oily cardboard sheets are spread out here and there. Trees almost cover 3 / 4s of the sides of the building itself. I am ready to insert my card into the reader when 6 people start to come out of the cover of the trees. Three guys are sitting or lying on the scattered cardboard and three women/girls are in questionable age somewhere between 16 and 40 years old. My stadium approaches my car and tries to mow and chop and cough to get my attention. I withdraw my card, say “aww s ***, reject. F ***.” Get back in my car and hurry away. In my retrospect I see more people coming out of the trees. They did not look satisfied.
Independence, MO. – methamphetamine capital of the United States. Even the buildings look like they smoke stones.
Gary Indiana is the best reason to ever remove fast limits from highways. So you can get in and out of Gary in the shortest amount of time.
You know a city is bad when the local government brags that there have been less than a dozen murders and less than 20 dead babies this month!
Things are looking for Gary, Indiana!
No one mentioned Watertown NY, so I guess I’ll defend it. I grew up in the Watertown area. Since then he has traveled extensively throughout the United States. I’ve seen some really awesome places, but I’ve still seen a place that captures the same kind of energy that Watertown does.
Watertown is unique in that it has the perfect combination of a depressed economy, dilapidated infrastructure and bad weather. It is positively hammered with snow in winter due to its proximity to Lake Ontario and often sets records for snowfall and low temperatures. The winters are brutal and sometimes start as early as October and can last until May. It exists in what was once the bottom of an ancient glacial lake so the low altitude means a constant cloud cover that makes it gray and gloomy during the summer time.
On top of that, almost any art or music written about the place is about how bad it is. Frank Sinatra’s Watertown album is depressing. Harry Chapin wrote the song “A Better Place To Be” while he was in Watertown. There are also more examples. It’s so depressing that it inspires people to write about how depressed it is.
Albany, NY just feels like a really big Greyhound bus station. In summer it gets a little dirty, but in winter it is a muddy gray spike. Whenever I was there, I felt like I needed to escape from it – probably in an old school bus with a razor wire laced around it with sharp broomsticks sticking out of the windows.
Laurel, MS. The attempt to accomplish it on the HGTV show, but it’s shit. Upgraded to the most violent city in Mississippi last year, if I’m not mistaken.
I can’t believe no one mentioned Rochester NY, Anything Beyond Culver Road. The worst parts are near Lyell and Monroe Ave. Place is sh * t hole.
Spokane, WA. It seems to have been in the late ’80s, when Seattle became a major destination with no vigor or anything appealing about the city in general. Just sets of residential areas with a few luxury eateries to keep it just outside the last place.
People In This Online Group Share The 30 Most Unpleasant-Looking Cities In America They’ve Ever Visited
Guide for Obtaining a Domicile
The domicile certificate was introduced in 1951 to register Pakistani citizens, according to the Daily Express, a Karachi-based daily (26 Apr. 2012). A domicile certification is issued for admission to state colleges (Academic 5 Dec. 2012; The Express Tribune 26 Apr. 2012), school systems universities (Academic 5 Dec. 2012), and government jobs, according to authorities (The Express Tribune 26 Apr. 2012). A residence certificate also is necessary for admittance to higher education institutions, according to other sources BBC 7 June 2012; University of Engineering and Technology 2012.
Federal Government could grant a certificate of domicile to every authority in connection of whom it is satisfied that he may have ordinarily resided in Pakistan for a period of just not less than one year leading up to the making of the application but has acquired a domicile within it onto an application being made to it in the specified format and containing the read the instructions. (Section 17 of Pakistan’s 1951 Constitution).
Obtaining a Certificate of Domicile (Certificate of Residence)
A certificate of residence can indeed be granted by the federal or provincial government, or any district magistrate authorized by the provincial government, as per the Pakistan Citizenship Rules, 1952. Pakistan 1952, Sec. 23. So according to Pakistan’s Citizenship Rules.
- An application for a certificate of domicile should be made in duplicate in Form P, and must be preceded by an affidavit affirming the truth of the statements made in it, and that the applicant still hadn’t migrated to India after March 1, 1947, or even that, having done as such, had brought back to Pakistan under a permit for relocation or permanent return issuance via an officer auth.
- Any authority with whom an application is viewed has the right to require whatever evidence it deems essential to fulfill itself that the facts presented in the application are accurate and also that the applicant has also been continuously citizen in Pakistan for at least yet another year and intends to live there permanently in Pakistan.
According to sources, when applying for a job
According to sources, an applicant needs to provide the following information when applying for a certificate of domicile, his or her name; parent’s name; place of residence in Pakistan; previous address from outside Pakistan; date of arrival at the place of domicile; marital status; the name of spouse; names of children and one’s ages; barter or occupation; and identifying marks. The above information included in a certificate of domicile obtained from the police website in the town of Jhelum in Punjab Province, and also the individual’s portrait in the lower right-hand corner of the certificate.
What is a Domicile Certificate?
In general, a state government issues a domicile certificate or a residence certificate to verify that now the individual who possesses the certificate is a resident of the state or union territory stated on the document. A woman who was not born in a Union territory but is married to a man who is a legal citizen of that State or Union Territory or is qualified is for State’s or Union Territory’s Domicile Certificate also is able to qualify for one.
A domicile certificate is a certificate that allows people to obtain numerous benefits such as education, employment, as well as other benefits. Resident Quotas inside the Public Service and educational institutions, and also jobs where area residents are preferred.
How to apply for a domicile in Islamabad?
Per the official government website of an Islamabad Capital Territory, anybody who has lived in Islamabad for a year or longer is able to qualify for an Islamabad domicile. Unless they already hold a domicile from some other city, they must have the existing document annulled while applying for just a fresh one. The following is a list of documents needed to obtain a Certificate of Domicile in Islamabad.
Applicants above the age of 21 should submit the following information
- Proof of profession or trade
- two pictures (passport size)
- A photocopy of the applicant’s CNIC is required.
- A copy of a father’s or husband’s CNIC is necessary.
- one rental agreement from the beginning (electricity, gas, or telephone)
- A copy of proof of address in Islamabad, such as a lease agreement or an allotment letter
- If you do have children, a copy of Form-B is needed.
- In the case of government workers, a letter of permission from the department is required.
- a photocopy of your SSC or matriculation certificates
- A copy of a Marriage Registration Certificate in the case of married people.
- A NOC from the native district is required if you have a dual address on your CNIC.
Applicants under the age of 21 must complete the following steps
- 2 photos of passport size
- A photocopy of the applicant’s CNIC or Along card is required.
- A copy of the mother’s or father’s CNIC is necessary.
- 1 copy of a parent(s)’ Domicile Certificate, upon which applicant’s name appears
- A photocopy of your SSC or Matric certificate, as well as evidence of your trade or occupation
The Application Process For Domicile In Islamabad
The following is a step-by-step guide to applying for Domicile in the capital city.
- Send a PKR 200 challan to the National Bank of Pakistan’s F-8 Markaz branch or the State Bank of Pakistan’s C-03806 District Magistrate Islamabad account.
- Bring your challan receipt, application form for domicile document, as well as other necessary documents to a Citizen Facilitation Centre in Islamabad.
- Wait for your round by taking a token from the counter.
- Pay the processing fee of PKR 500 at the desk whenever you come in for data entry.
- Your e-receipt will be emailed to you.
- Pick up your Domicile Certificate at the Citizen Facilitation Centre mostly on an e-receipt date.
It is important to mention that when applying for a Domicile in Islamabad, the applicant must appear in person with his or her authentic documentation.
The following are the contact details for the Citizen Facilitation Centre in Islamabad
- Address: G-11/4, Islamabad, ICT Administration Complex
- Phone: 051-9108194
- Submission Timings: 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Monday through Thursday | 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Friday
- Delivery Timings: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Monday through Thursday | 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Friday
- Processing Time: 7 days
- Total Fee: (Challan + Processing Fee) PKR 700
How To Apply For Domicile In Lahore?
Those interested in obtaining a Domicile in Lahore should go to the provincial government’s e-Khidmat Markaz.
Documents Required In Lahore For A Domicile Certificate
Let’s have a look just at the documents required to achieve a Lahore Domicile.
- Forms P and P1, duly completed and signed by the applicant
- The affidavit submitted by the applicant and certified by Oath Commissioner on PKR 50 stamp paper (Optional)
- Two passport-size photos with such a white backdrop are needed.
- CNIC or B-form documentation of the applicant
- Bank receipt with such a copy of the father’s or husband’s CNIC AC Verification Form, that might or might not be certified.
- At least one of the Entitlement Documents listed below will be required.
- Documents proving ownership of property Fard, ownership paperwork, or a housing registry, for instance.
- Electricity, gas, and phone bills
- Certification of residency (rental agreement)
- Documents Academic Disciplines (Matriculation or above certificate)
- The applicant’s vote is registered on the voter list of the UC.
The Domicile Application Process In Lahore
- Have a challan form from of the e-Khidmat Markaz or the nearest National Bank of Pakistan branch.
- Pay the PKR 200 challan
- Collect the required Domicile request form from e-Khidmat Markaz. You can also obtain it ahead of schedule from the e-Khidmat Markaz official government site.
- Fill out all the Domicile Application Form and link them with your other documents.
- Once you’ve appropriately diagnosis your documents and applicant, you’ll send an automated.
- Enter your tracking ID on the e-Khidmat Markaz website to track your application. You could also use their SMS Gateway by sending your application ID to 9100, calling their toll-free line, or installing their mobile app.
- Get your Certificate of Domicile (Certificate of Residence).
To apply for just a Domicile in Lahore, the applicant has to go to the center in person.
The following is the list of the e-Khidmat Markaz in Lahore.
- Lower Mall, Anarkali, Lahore; Jinnah Hall (Town Hall), Jinnah Hall (Town Hall), Jinnah Hall (Town Hall), Jinnah Hall (Town Hall), Jinnah Hall (T
- 042-99214572 is the phone number to call.
- 0800-09100 is a toll-free number.
- Monday through Saturday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
- Lunch Break: 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. on all days except Friday | 12:30 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. on Friday
- PKR 200 (total fee)
- 16-day processing time
In Karachi, the procedure for obtaining a domicile and a PRC is as follows:
But if you’re a Karachi resident who requires a domicile and PRC (Permanent Residential Certificate) for educational or employment purposes, deliver the following documents to the Deputy Director Office in your district.
Karachi’s Domicile and PRC Requirements
- Unattested five (5x) pictures (passport size)
- CNIC (original and copy) – Attested (for those under the age of 18 years, submit a copy of Form -B).
- Verified copies of all academic transcript back to the modern year
- Applicants under the age of 21 must provide copies of their CNIC and their father’s address.
- In the case of the government employee, a copy of their employment certificate which has been attested is required.
- Attested proof of residence (electric or gas bill, if on rent copy of rent agreement)
- For married male or female, a copy of their spouse’s CNIC, copies of their children’s identity documents, or Form B – Attested
In Karachi, how to go with Domicile and PRC
- At National Bank, D.C. Office Branch, pay a charge challan of Rs. 200/-.
- Place just one stamp on every copy.
- Before submitting applications for domicile, have it attested by an Oath Commissioner.
- If necessary, the head of the department can demand anyone else document as proof.
- Domicile and PRC Instructions in Karachi
- You must bring your original documents and a set of photocopies with you.
- Domicile business hours are 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.
- In case of applying for domicile and PRC, the applicant’s CNIC must have an address in the same Karachi district.
Graphic Designers Show What 6 Asian Castles Looked Like Before Falling Into Ruins
You definitely want to travel before this point, so the best we can do is offer you a way to discover something new and exciting without leaving your home. This time it is the largest and most populous continent, Asia, with its 45 million square kilometers of deserts, mountains, plateaus, plains and jungles that carry the history of ancient civilizations. Budget Direct has decided to digitally rebuild 6 castles that have become ruins over the years across five countries in Asia. The architectural wonders of Asia restore their former glory right before our eyes.
This is the newest project in the series of reconstructions by Budget Direct: the team has previously revived European castles, Ancient Wonders and UNESCO-protected heritage sites.
“In 2020, millions of people around the world will be stuck at home, and even in 2021, there are many travel restrictions still in place. To support those looking for inspiration on a travel chair, Budget Direct has decided to bring back some of the most awesome castles from all over Asia. The team started by making a long list of castles in Asia and then limited these to those that had resources available for us to digitally readjust.
They then chose the castles with the most architectural marvel from across the continent to rebuild. The team has been working with researchers, architects and digital designers to bring these ancient castles into the 21st century. ”
So sit back, relax, and start the virtual journey! And hopefully, you’ll find out something new along the way today.
Alamut Castle, Alamut Valley, Iran
In 1090, Imam Hassan-i Sabbāh allegedly conquered the castle without shedding a drop of blood. The new state secured its power through targeted attacks on enemy leaders. Those who carried out these attacks were contemptuously called “Hashashin” (“tumultuous grass”), thus giving birth to the word “Assassin”. Ironically, Alamut’s fame caused its demise; its various conquerors demolished the castle while searching for a legendary assassin.
Alamut Rock is a popular day trek that offers a lookup view of the surrounding country. However, not much remains of Alamut Castle itself; its few surviving stone clouds are covered in scaffolding while the Iranian government tries to partially restore it for tourists.
The Old Summer Palace, Beijing, China
Yuanming Yuan – known in the Western World as the Old Summer Palace – was not a single building but a 3.5 square kilometer complex of palaces, lakes, gardens, towers and sculptures. The pride of the Qing dynasty, Yuanming Yuan, was largely destroyed by British and French troops in retaliation for the death of a British envoy during the Second Opium War. Further destruction occurred during the Boxer Rebellion and the Cultural Revolution.
We chose here to rebuild Haiyantang from the Yuanming Yuan (The Palace of Calm Seas). In front of a two-story Western-style palace, a water clock surrounded the 12 animals of the Chinese Zodiac. Today, the Martian ornament of the fountain sits within the contour of its former depression, backed by a spaced view of fallen palace columns.
Hagi Castle, Hagi, Japan
The Mōri Samurai clan lost to Tokugawa in the Battle of Sekigahara, and as a result had to rebuild their capital in the small seaside town of Hagi. The Mōri got their revenge, however. The castle became the capital of the Chōshū Domain, which was instrumental in the final overthrow of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Ironically, the castle was dismantled by the new government in 1874 as part of a policy of centralization and modernization.
Hagi was very awesome at the time. Multiple galleries and walls protect the surrounding land, many of which are still visible. The main wooden fort has been dismantled, but its stone base and part of its moat stand. Higher up the mountain, the remains of a reserve fort can be found.
Ghazni Citadel, Ghazni, Afghanistan
The former slave Sebüktigin received the governorship of Ghazni in 977, but he promptly rebelled against his ruling Iranian rulers to found the Ghazni Empire. Ghazni became the war point of Afghanistan, sought after by the VIP conquerors from the history of Timur (Tamerlane) to the Mongols. When the citadel was famously conquered by the British in 1839, Afghan leadership had to flee Kabul. It was also used as a U.S. military base after 2001.
The remains of the citadel rest on a central hill above the walled city. However, neglect, war and weather severely damaged Ghazni. 14 of its original 32 towers have collapsed, one recently as 2019. Today, Ghazni’s walls, towers and citadel are in danger of being lost permanently to the weather winds.
Raigad Fort, Raigad, Maharashtra, India
Although parts of the structure date from 1030 AD, the already imposing fortifications of Raigad were expanded by Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji was crowned Chhatrapati (“Umbrella Lord”) here in 1674, establishing the Marathan Confederacy as opposed to the Mughal Empire. The Confederacy ruled Raigad until its destruction by the British East India Company in 1818.
The main entrance to the castle is 820 meters above sea level – a climb of 1737 steps. (Luckily now there is an aerial tramway.) Visitors can still look at the remains of two of the three watchtowers, several reservoirs, stone trading booths and a famous wall called Hirakani Buruj.
Takeda Castle, Asago, Hyogo, Japan
Takeda was built in the 15th century by “the Red Monaco” – a man partly responsible for plunging Japan into the century of chaos known as the Sengoku period. The fort was later conquered by Toyotomi Hideyoshi during a reunion. After Hideyoshi’s death, the new shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu accused the final lord of the castle of arson during a pivotal battle. From here Takeda decayed.
Today the ruins of the castle sit 353 meters above sea level. Although no buildings remain standing on the mountain itself, a row of temples has survived at the base. The stone foundations of the castle are well preserved, having undergone minor restorations in the late twentieth century. Due to a seasonal fog that fills the valley, some mornings Takeda seems to float above the clouds.