Dams are mostly built across flowing waterways to regulate flood control, produce hydroelectricity, and absorb food, and power from the locals. Most barrages lead to the establishment of silent lakes with some 150 dams in Pakistan, much of which in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, where the Indus River and streams run all throughout mountains south to the Arabian Sea. So there is no shortage of barrages.
Dams highlight potential lakes, which have become popular recreational locations for residents, with several parents having picnics by the lake and engaging in water sports mostly on the lake’s surface. Today, we’ll look for some of the most well-known dams that were erected in Pakistan so over years, and also the recreational opportunities they can provide residents.
Here is a list of famous dams in Pakistan
The construction of the Tarbela Dam began in 1968 but was finished in 1976. Tarbela Dam is among Pakistan’s largest dams. And also has the distinction of becoming the largest global earth-filled dam. With such a height of 143.26 meters and a length of 2,743.2 meters, it built this amazing dam on the Indus River. The dam has a storage capacity of 13.69 cubic kilometers.
The dam was built mainly for the reasons of producing hydroelectricity and irrigation. For energy production, the Tarbela Dam has a capacity of 4888 Megawatts. This is Pakistan’s largest hydroelectric dam, producing about 70% of the total electricity generation. One of Pakistan’s largest hydroelectric dams is the Tarbela Dam. Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital, is only a two-hour drive from Tarbela Dam. Tarbela Dam is among Pakistan’s best-known dams, and locals consider it to be the best picnic spot in the country. Swimming, boating, and fishing also are activities all that engage in.
Mangla Dam is currently the second dam. It is in Azad Jammu and Kashmir’s Mirpur District. The Mangla Dam project began in 1961 and was finished in 1967. It is indeed far more than a supply of energy. This one has a significant part in the Indus Waters Basement Treaty, a bilateral arrangement between Pakistan and India. With such a height of 147 meters and a length of 3140 meters, the bridge was built on the Jhelum River. This has a 7.39 million acre-foot water holding capacity (M.A.F).
This dam was initially constructed to pump energy, but then it was later upgraded to provide hydropower electricity. It has an electricity generation capacity of 1,150 megawatts. Mangla Structure was constructed on Mangla Lake, which is about a 2-hour drive from Islamabad and a 4-hour drive from Lahore. Mangla Dam is among the most popular picnic spots within the area. Fishing, swimming, rowing, boating, and jet skiing are some activities it participates in. Mangla Dam is considered one of Pakistan’s largest hydroelectric dams.
Mirani Dam is located in Balochistan, upon on Dasht River, toward the south of the Central Makran Range. The development of the Mirani Dam began in 2002 and was finished in July 2006. The dam was built to give water to the cities of Gwadar port and Turbat. It has a height of 127 feet and a length of 3,080 feet. It has a water storage capacity of 302,000 acre-feet. Mirani Dam is one of Balochistan’s largest dams. In Balochistan, there are nearly 29 dams, however, Mirani Dam is among the most well-known.
Warsak Dam, a water reservoir constructed on the Kabul River, may well be reached by driving 20 kilometers beyond Peshawar. The structure was constructed in 2 stages, one of which was completed in 1960 and the second of which was completed in the 1980s, with additional electricity-generating abilities. This boosts the dam’s total size by about 240 megawatts, with intentions to expand it to 525 megawatts in the future. Locals visit the spot for boating and fishing excursions, and there is a motel on-site for overnight stays. However, you first must get authorization from WAPDA before visiting the region.
Hub Dam is 56 kilometers from Karachi and sits on the Sindh-Balochistan boundary. It is established just on Hub River, which would be a major source of drinking water in Karachi. The development of the hub dam initiated in 1963 and lasted nearly 20 years to finish. The project was built in 1981, and the government released this to the public. The dam was created for water irrigation and also has a storage capacity of 857000 acre-ft (0.847742 km3). At a cost of Rs 1191.806 million, this was the first dam constructed.
Namal Dam is near Rikhi, a village throughout the Namal Valley, 32 kilometers from Mianwali in Pakistan’s Punjab. The British government has developed Namal Lake, with a surface of 5.5 km2, in 1913. We can see the view of beautiful mountains from the dam’s southern and western sides. The city’s agricultural areas lie mostly on east and north edges.
The dam’s primary purpose was to supply irrigation for the region’s farmlands, but it is also a favorite vacation destination for locals. Birdwatchers flock to the area because the migratory birds and boaters explore options here too. Namal Lake is among four tourist destinations in Punjab that’ve been chosen for future development, attracting more residents and visitors.
Since 1962, the Rawal Dam, one of Pakistan’s water reservoirs, provides supplied water to the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. It collects water from the Margalla Hills’ Mastering River and other small streams. The Rawal Lake, including the Margalla Hills, is just a popular tourist destination, having a lovely park lake with lush trees, walkways, and picnic areas. The park’s tallest mountain provides a stunning view of Rawal Lake, the Margalla Hills, and also the dual cities. Diving, sailing, boating, swimming, and water skating just are a few of the things that specialized tours can organize. The Islamabad Club, which really is close by, offers a wide range of water sports activities on the lake regularly. Many species of birds, animals, and reptiles call this region home, and birdwatchers visit frequently Rawal Dam to see native birds. The lake is also a great place to go fishing, with roughly 15 distinct species in its waters.
Gomal Zam Dam
The Gomal Zam Dam is in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, inside the South Waziristan Tribal District. The Gomal River, a branch of the Indus River, is dammed at Khajuri Kach, rendering it one of Pakistan’s greatest strategically significant dams. We constructed the dam for irrigation, power generation, and food production. Construction began in 2001 but was completed in 2011. With a storage capability of 1,140,000 acre-feet, Gomal zam is among Pakistan’s top power stations (1.41 km3).
Having two x 8.7 turbines, a height of 437 feet (133 meters), and just a length of 758 feet (231 meters), Gomal Dam is among the most famous six tourist destinations. That’s a 0.5-kilometer-long roller-compacted concrete hydroelectric dam. Locals come to the dam for fishing and picnics alongside their groups. When it comes to considering Pakistan’s hydroelectric dams, the Gomal zam dam is by far the most powerful, providing 17.4 units of power.
Khanpur Dam is in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in the Haripur district. It was developed on the Haro River in 1983 to regulate the river flow. The dam created Khanpur Lake, which supplies drinking water to Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital, and Rawalpindi. Including its lovely blue water beaches, Khanpur Lake attracts all tourists and locals. The fact that this really provides irrigation to Attock, Rawalpindi, Lahore, and Haripur makes this one of Pakistan’s best-known dams. This dam cost Rs. 1,385.10 million to build and took 15 years to complete. Khanpur is indeed a rock-fill dam that is 51 meters high (167 ft). Boating, zip-lining, glamping, hiking, fishing, cliff jumping, waterskiing, and kayaking were all important attractions at this dam.
Neelum Jhelum Dam
The Neelum–Jhelum Dam was completed primarily and provide hydropower to Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Water from the Neelum River was diverted to a power grid on the Jhelum River, culminating in this yet another dam that collects water from one river and discharges it into the other. The dam, which has a capacity of 970 megawatts, started building in 2008 and also was officially opened in 2018. Few people have seen the dam’s reservoir as it is still relatively new, but tourism is expected to increase continue in the early years.
USAID is supporting the development of the Satpara Dam, a multipurpose water and power facility on the outskirts of Skardu City in Gilgit-Baltistan, close to the Chinese and Indian borders. The dam, powerhouse teams 1 and 2, as well as the development of powerhouses 3 and 4 and mainly two preparing the budget drainage systems, are all funded by USAID. The Satpara Dam is projected to provide 17.6 megawatts of power-generating ability to a local power grid, enough just to power around 40,000 households. The dams will also help prevent flooding in the area, store water for irrigation, as well as provide 3.1 million gallons of water per day for domestic use.
Although this dam on its own, and also the realization that storage level has been increased by 2.5 meters to 106 meters since about Friday from 103.5 meters, is favorable for the province’s water-stressed farm workers, the water the reservoir stores only at moment could be of immediate benefit to farmers so because irrigation department has still yet to develop the dam’s sufficient mass. It means that farmers who depend on rainwater to irrigate their land will have to wait a bit longer. Whenever the irrigation ministry assumes control of the dam, it plans to develop the command area by laying watercourses on property that the Sindh government intends to distribute to landowners.
The Sabakzai Dam, lying in Balochistan’s southern district, directs the amount of the Zhob River. The structure was constructed during 2004 and 2007, helping in the watering of local lands and providing a much-needed relaxation area for the community.
So now you have it: the top 13 dams in Pakistan which provide water for irrigation, hydropower, and food. In fact, it has played an important role in promoting tourism in Pakistan. We’ve already provided you basic significant knowledge on dams, like the fact that Pakistan has 150 total dams. Dams are needed for water storage and electricity generation, as experts predict there will be a global water scarcity by 2025. Pakistan is also an agricultural country, and in this difficult era, we need resources to grow. We hope you will find this information to be interesting. Visit Feeta.pk for more interesting information.